FISH, STANLEY


FISH, STANLEY
FISH, STANLEY (1938– ), U.S. literary theorist. Born in Providence, Rhode Island, Fish earned his doctoral degree in English literature from Yale University in 1962. He taught at the University of California, Berkeley, and at Johns Hopkins University, before becoming professor of English and of law at Duke University (1985–98). He also served as the executive director of the Duke University Press from 1993 to 1998. Fish was then dean of arts and sciences at the University of Illinois at Chicago from 1999 to 2004. Considered a leading scholar on John Milton, Fish is a well-known and sometimes controversial literary theorist. His first published work, John Skelton's Poetry, appeared in 1965, but he rose to prominence with the publication of his second book, Surprised by Sin: The Reader in "Paradise Lost" (1967). Here Fish first presented his theory of "reader-response criticism," in which he argues that reading is a temporal phenomenon and that the meaning of a literary work is located within the reader's experience of the text. His Self-consuming Artifacts (1972) elaborated and developed the notion of reader response into a theory of interpretive communities, in which a reader's interpretation of a text depends on the reader's membership in one or more communities that share a set of assumptions. Is There a Text in This Class? The Authority of Interpretive Communities (1980), a collection of Fish's essays, established his position as one of the most influential literary theorists of his day. In his later works, Fish extended literary theory into the arenas of politics and law, writing on the politics of the university, the nature of free speech, and connections between literary theory and legal theory. These works include Doing What Comes Naturally: Change, Rhetoric, and the Practice of Theory in Literary and Legal Studies (1989), There's No Such Thing as Free Speech, and It's a Good Thing, Too (1994), Professional Correctness: Literary Studies and Political Change (1995), and The Trouble with Principle (1999). There's No Such Thing as Free Speech, seen by some as a critique of liberalism, generated much debate. In The Trouble with Principle, Fish suggests that the application of principles impedes democracy, and he examines affirmative action as a case in point, again sparking wide-ranging critique. In 2005 Fish was named the Davidson-Kahn Distinguished University Professor of Humanities and Law at Florida International University, with a principal appointment in the College of Law and a role as lecturer in the College of Arts and Sciences. (Dorothy Bauhoff (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Fish, Stanley — ▪ American literary critic in full  Stanley Eugene Fish  born April 19, 1938, Providence, R.I., U.S.       American literary critic particularly associated with reader response criticism, according to which the meaning of a text is created,… …   Universalium

  • Stanley Fish — Stanley Eugene Fish (born 1938) is a prominent American literary theorist and legal scholar. He was born and raised in Providence, Rhode Island. He is among the most important critics of the English poet John Milton in the 20th century, and is… …   Wikipedia

  • Stanley Fish — Stanley Eugene Fish (* 19. April 1938 in Providence, Rhode Island) ist ein US amerikanischer Literaturwissenschaftler und Jurist. Der emeritierte Dekan des College of Liberal Arts and Sciences und Professor für Englische Literatur und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Stanley Fish — Stanley Eugene Fish (Providence (Rhode Island), 1938) es un profesor de Derecho y teórico literario estadounidense. Es el «Davidson Kahn Distinguished University Professor» de Humanidades y profesor de Derecho en la Universidad Internacional de… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Stanley Fish — Stanley Eugene Fish (né à Providence (Rhode Island) en 1938) est un universitaire et théoricien de la littérature américain, souvent perçu ou qualifié comme l un des représentants du postmodernisme. Sommaire 1 Carrière 2 Théorie littéraire 3… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Fish — /fish/, n. Hamilton, 1808 93, U.S. statesman: secretary of state 1869 77. * * * I Any of more than 24,000 species of cold blooded vertebrates found worldwide in fresh and salt water. Living species range from the primitive lampreys and hagfishes… …   Universalium

  • FISH — steht für: FISH (Kryptologie), Codename der Alliierten für verschiedene Verschlüsselungsmethoden der deutschen Wehrmacht Fish!, Tipps zur Erleichterung des (Arbeits )alltags durch Befolgung einiger weniger Regeln und Spaß an der Arbeit Festival… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • FisH — steht für: FISH (Kryptologie), Codename der Alliierten für verschiedene Verschlüsselungsmethoden der deutschen Wehrmacht Fish!, Tipps zur Erleichterung des (Arbeits )alltags durch Befolgung einiger weniger Regeln und Spaß an der Arbeit Festival… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Fish — bezeichnet: einen Anfänger beim Pokern FISH steht für: FISH (Kryptologie), Codename der Alliierten für verschiedene Verschlüsselungsmethoden der deutschen Wehrmacht Fish!, Tipps zur Motivation und Erleichterung des (Arbeits )alltags durch… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Stanley Cobb — (December 10, 1887–1968) was a neurologist and could be considered the founder of biological psychiatry in the United States .ref|Shorter1988Cobb s childhood and education were affected by his stammer, which it is suggested led him to study the… …   Wikipedia